To protect the upper parts of the structures from the abrasive effects of nature, it is also called the built roof which is used for thermal insulation. With the development of the construction industry, various types of roofs have been developed with different styles, materials and aesthetic appearance depending on the various building types.
There is a very serious engineering process in roof construction. It is necessary to design and construct the roofs in such a way that the roofs carry the loads caused by the snow or the wind and move away from the building without taking rain or snow from outside. Moreover, not only the seasonal conditions are among the things to be noticed; geographical conditions also affect the roof construction process. Geographical conditions can be a determinant of the shape, shape and size of the frame.
Materials Used in Roofing
are used. However, mostly wooden materials are used as roof material. The building material used affects the processes and prices of the roof construction phases.
Types of Roofs
Roofers are generally diversified according to their inclination and tendencies alongside their materials. The materials used in the building sector for roofing are steel, concrete and wood as the most. Let’s take a brief look at the properties of the most used timber construction material roof.
Features of Wooden Roof Construction
It is usually applied on wooden, reinforced concrete or paper buildings. For the construction of roofs in Istanbul, wooden skeletons are generally preferred in the buildings. Such scissors and all curved surfaces of the roof are made of wood and are therefore referred to as wooden roofs. However, the changing cost of wood materials causes different prices to arise in the process of roof construction cost.
Sitting Wooden Roofing
The scissors of the roof are placed at intervals of 2 to 4 meters. Also on top of the scissors are the fragments of the named building which will bear the burden of the prone part. The distance between lovers is between 2 and 3 meters. In addition to supporting lovers in this type of timber framing process, construction elements are also used to increase the durability of the side pressure of the frame. The breasts are struck with a 45 degree slope and their length is between 100 and 140 cm.
Another type of wooden roof is a hangover. In the construction of the suspended roof, the shears of the roof are overlaid on the beams or the walls of the load bearing sections. In other words, unlike sitting lofts, the load of the roof is not put on reinforced concrete. It can be clearly seen that all the elements of the roof are viewed from the bottom of such roofs.
The biggest difference between hanging roofs and sitting roofs is that the building elements of the burnt and tensioning structures, which transmit the load of the roof to the supports on the sides, have been used. The most important part of the falling points of the hanging roofs is the necessity of intersection of the rod axes at the same point. These couplings are also reinforced with fasteners supplied with bolts or bolts. The hanging, breasts, tensioners and diagonals of suspended ceilings work as a whole against the pressure force. Besides this, it works against the pulling force on the hanging roof, hanging beams and hangers and belts.
Steel and Reinforced Concrete
As a building material, strength against steel stretching is an element that increases the use of steel in defeated. In the construction of the steel roof, the roof shears are joined with the blk, rivets and welding.
Another material used in the roof is concrete. Reinforced concrete structures are protected against the factors coming from the top. In addition to being sturdy and durable, concrete is used in buildings like warehouses, garages, sports halls, mosques, shows and shopping centers in general in terms of aesthetics.
The reinforced concrete frame is generally constructed as a shell or a belt. The roof is given a concrete roof with slopes of 1 or 2 percent. Terraces are generally built to protect against external influences. That is, snow or rain water coming from the terraces is collected by this slope and is removed through the grooves.
Types of Roofs According to Slopes
It also has different names depending on the roof-prone surfaces. The architectural design of the inclined surface of the roof depends on the intended use and on the general plan of construction. We can list them in the following way;
The porch roof,
The combined (butterfly) roof,
Saw gear (set) roof,
The things to be careful in roof construction are similar to each other, regardless of the material or shape of the roof, and it is critical for the durability of the structure.
Roofing is one of the most important parts of the construction. It is also an element that ensures that the building is as durable as its aesthetic appearance. Roofing prices should be given by an expert and knowledgeable person. Because it is necessary to examine the structure and make the necessary engineering calculations.
Many factors must be taken into account in roofing costs. How many square meters will be affected by all factors such as the exterior wall of the building and the condition of the sub-structure, season and geographical conditions. For this reason, it is very important to work with specialists for correct and suitable roofing prices.
The construction of the roof can be applied to the old buildings as well as the newly built buildings. Especially in old buildings it is important that the roof repair is done by experienced craftsmen. It should not be forgotten that they build skilled riders with experienced craftsmen. In this respect, randomly chosen firms or masters should not be trusted in all roof repairs. It is important to work with well-established, experienced and experienced companies that are rooted, with reference to their work.